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  • Writer's pictureJamie K

A Comprehensive Guide to Homeschooling Preschool and Toddlers (Ages 2-4)

Hello, wonderful mamas! Jamie here, welcoming you back to Whether you're just embarking on the homeschool journey or you're a seasoned pro, today's topic is sure to offer some valuable insights. We'll be venturing into the vibrant universe of homeschooling youngsters between the ages of 2-4. From educational milestones to engagement strategies, and of course, a dollop of inspiration for all you hardworking moms, this guide aims to be your go-to resource. So, brew that cup of tea—or coffee, you rebel—and let's jump in!

What Toddlers and Preschoolers Need to Learn

First things first: let's lay the educational groundwork. What are the milestones and skills our little humans should be aiming for between the ages of 2 and 4? Spoiler alert: It's a lot more than just stacking blocks and spilling juice.

  • Language Skills: These aren't just about speaking; they involve listening and comprehension too. By age 4, children should be forming sentences of about 5-6 words and understanding simple prepositions like under, over, and between. Activities like reading together, singing songs, and playing word games can go a long way in enhancing these skills.

  • Motor Skills: Here we have two subcategories. Fine motor skills involve smaller movements like gripping a pencil or buttoning a shirt. Gross motor skills are your big movements—think running, jumping, and twirling. Activities like coloring, puzzles, and threading beads are fantastic for fine motor skills. For gross motor skills, obstacle courses and dance parties are your friends.

  • Social and Emotional Development: Building meaningful connections with others is crucial at this age. Children should learn to recognize emotions in themselves and others and begin to understand the cause-and-effect of social interactions. Playdates, even if they're virtual, can be a great way to encourage this, as can role-playing games at home.

  • Basic Concepts: We're talking shapes, colors, numbers up to at least 10, and getting a start on the alphabet. It's not just about recognition but also understanding the application. For example, knowing a square is a shape and a cereal box is square-shaped.

How to Keep Them Engaged

Keeping our pint-sized scholars engaged is no walk in the park. If you've ever tried to keep a 3-year-old's attention for longer than three minutes, you know what I'm talking about.

  • Learning Through Play: Toys are not just playthings; they're educational tools. Sensory bins filled with rice, pasta, or even water can teach kids about texture and volume. Building blocks can introduce the basic principles of architecture and engineering.

  • Outdoor Adventures: Nature is basically Earth's classroom. Go on scavenger hunts to teach them about different types of leaves, rocks, or flowers. Not only does this satisfy their curiosity, but it also gives them a respect for the environment.

  • Routine but Flexibility: Consistency is comforting to kids, but monotony can be the death of engagement. So have a routine but add an element of surprise. Maybe Tuesdays become "Treasure Hunt Tuesdays," where they search for a hidden object based on clues. For my article on my routine click here!

  • Creative Expression: Whether it's drawing, painting, or making a macaroni necklace, creative expression is a form of communication for children. Encourage this by providing a variety of materials and mediums for them to explore.

A Sprinkle of Inspiration for New Homeschoolers

If you're a new homeschooler, let me tell you, mama—you're doing an incredible job. On those days when you feel like you're drowning in lesson plans and laundry, take a moment to remind yourself why you chose this path. You're not just giving your children an education; you're giving them the world through your eyes, flavored by your love and values. You've got this!


And there we have it! A beefed-up, go-to guide for homeschooling your littles between the ages of 2 and 4. From academic milestones to creative outlets, we've got you covered. So, go ahead and tackle this journey one joyful, messy, and incredibly rewarding day at a time. You're doing great, mama!

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